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ntds - DokuWiki

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ntds [2009/08/23 08:11]
historian created
ntds [2013/04/21 13:40]
historian Approved
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 The Navy Tactical Data System (NTDS) was an early transistorized military fire control computer. Computer pioneer Seymour Cray designed the machine in 1957 while at Remington Rand Univac, just prior to joining Control Data Corporation. The Navy Tactical Data System (NTDS) was an early transistorized military fire control computer. Computer pioneer Seymour Cray designed the machine in 1957 while at Remington Rand Univac, just prior to joining Control Data Corporation.
  
-<box 200px round blue left> {{ http://​www.uss-king.com/​ntds/​ntds-king2.jpg?​175x131 }} </​box>​+<box 200px round blue left| Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California ​> {{ http://​www.uss-king.com/​ntds/​ntds-king2.jpg?​175x131 }} </​box>​
  
-<box 200px round blue right> {{ http://​www.uss-king.com/​ntds/​ntds-cww.jpg?​175x131 }} </​box>​+<box 200px round blue right| The webmaster Chuck White at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California, November 24, 2006 > {{ http://​www.uss-king.com/​ntds/​ntds-cww.jpg?​175x131 }} </​box>​
  
-<box 200px round blue center> {{ http://​www.uss-king.com/​history/​NTDS/​ntds_lg.jpg?​175x173 }} </​box>​+<box 200px round blue center| Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California ​> {{ http://​www.uss-king.com/​history/​NTDS/​ntds_lg.jpg?​175x173 }} </​box>​
  
 +<box 200px round blue left| Computer History Museum NTDS Exhibit in Mountain View, California, photo taken by Chuck White January 12, 2012 - Note: USS KING stencilled next to red light > {{ http://​www.uss-king.com/​ntds/​2012-01-16 CHM-King Exhibit2.gif?​175x173 }} </​box>​
 +
 +Sign on display board next to NTDS unit says: 
 +
 +//READY, AIM, FIRE.
 +
 +That command seems simple. ​ Yet the "​aim"​ part can be challenging. ​ Calculating the trajectory of high-speed projectiles,​ and hitting moving targets, demands complex real-time calculations.
 +
 +Ballistics control was a perfect challenge for real-time computing. ​ Solutions began with mechanical analog sustems, shifting later to electronic digital systems, and then digital integrated circuits, both for military applications and for space exploration.//​
 +
 +----
  
 This armored computer was extremely reliable in hazardous environments and could control battleship radar and weapons systems in real-time. Multiple computers could communicate with each other to form a cooperative chain of machines. Over the next three decades, the NTDS served as the basis for an entire family of shipboard command and control computers.###​ This armored computer was extremely reliable in hazardous environments and could control battleship radar and weapons systems in real-time. Multiple computers could communicate with each other to form a cooperative chain of machines. Over the next three decades, the NTDS served as the basis for an entire family of shipboard command and control computers.###​
 +
 +|< 600px 20% >|
 +^ Technical Specifications ^^
 +|Word Length|30 Bits|
 +|Speed|9.6 Microsecond add time|
 +|Primary Memory|36,​768 words core memory (3.6 microseconds access time).|
 +|Secondary Memory|Magnetic drums and magnetic tape|
 +|Instruction Set|62 30-bit, single address instructions|
 +|Architecture|Parallel,​ binary, fixed point arithmetic. 7 index registers, 1 accumulator register, 1 free register|
 +|Technology|10,​702 transistors|
 +|Input and Output|Punched cards, paper tape, CRT|
 +|Price|$500,​000|
 +|Size|58.6 cubic feet, 2,320 pounds, 2.5 kW|
 +|Software|CS-1 compiler|
 +|Development History|Developed under contract for the Navy Tactical Data Systems (NTDS) by the Saint Paul division of Remington-Rand Univac. [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Seymour_Cray|Seymour Cray]] was the primary logic and circuit designer|
 +|Production History|The first units were delivered in 1958. Later commercially available as the UNIVAC 1206|
 +|Use|Real-time tactical analysis, display, and control of weapons|
 +
 +
 +----
 +
 +Further reading can be found here at the IEEE Global History website Wiki [[http://​www.ieeeghn.org/​wiki/​index.php/​First-Hand:​Legacy_of_NTDS_-_Chapter_9_of_the_Story_of_the_Naval_Tactical_Data_System]]