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ciws [2009/08/23 07:56]
historian
ciws [2013/04/21 13:26] (current)
historian
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 ====== 20 mm Phalanx Close-in Weapon System - CIWS ====== ====== 20 mm Phalanx Close-in Weapon System - CIWS ======
  
-<box blue round> ​ //The following excerpt is from the Naval Weapons website . Used with permission from [[http://​www.NavWeaps.com]]// ​ </​box>​+<box blue round center>  //The following excerpt is from the Naval Weapons website . Used with permission from [[http://​www.NavWeaps.com]]//  ​</​box>​ 
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 +<box 175px blue round left| Photo Courtesy of Dan L. Lamkin, Defense Systems Division Manager, NSWC PHD Det Louisville >{{ http://​www.uss-king.com/​Weapons/​cwis.jpg?​150x188 }}</​box>​
  
 The Phalanx is the most numerous close-in weapon system (CIWS) in the world and has been exported to many other countries. ​ Phalanx provides ships with a terminal defense against anti-ship missiles that have penetrated other fleet defenses. ​ While Phalanx is considered a completely "last ditch" weapon system, it has merits that many other CIWS systems do not.  The Phalanx is very much a self contained system requiring minimal deck space and wiring. ​ The Phalanx is the most numerous close-in weapon system (CIWS) in the world and has been exported to many other countries. ​ Phalanx provides ships with a terminal defense against anti-ship missiles that have penetrated other fleet defenses. ​ While Phalanx is considered a completely "last ditch" weapon system, it has merits that many other CIWS systems do not.  The Phalanx is very much a self contained system requiring minimal deck space and wiring. ​
  
 CIWS are designed to engage anti-ship cruise missiles and fixed-wing aircraft at short range. ​ Unlike many other systems, which have separate, independent systems, Phalanx combines search, detection, threat evaluation, acquisition,​ track, firing, target destruction,​ kill assessment and cease fire into a single mounting. ​ CIWS are designed to engage anti-ship cruise missiles and fixed-wing aircraft at short range. ​ Unlike many other systems, which have separate, independent systems, Phalanx combines search, detection, threat evaluation, acquisition,​ track, firing, target destruction,​ kill assessment and cease fire into a single mounting. ​
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-<box 320px blue round| Photo Courtesy of Dan L. Lamkin, Defense Systems Division Manager, NSWC PHD Det Louisville >{{ http://​www.uss-king.com/​Weapons/​cwis.jpg?​300x375 }}</​box>​ 
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 A prototype unit was installed for evaluation purposes on USS King (DLG-10) in 1973.  In 1975 another prototype was mounted on the hulked USS Alfred A. Cunningham (DD-752) while several different kinds of missiles were fired against it.  All of these missiles, including a Walleye, were destroyed before reaching the ship.  A pre-production Phalanx unit underwent operational tests and evaluation onboard USS Bigelow (DD-942) in 1977.  These tests showed that the unit exceeded the required maintenance and reliability specifications. ​ The evaluations included tests with high levels of jamming noise during which the unit succeeded in distinguishing small missile-like targets against nearby islands. A prototype unit was installed for evaluation purposes on USS King (DLG-10) in 1973.  In 1975 another prototype was mounted on the hulked USS Alfred A. Cunningham (DD-752) while several different kinds of missiles were fired against it.  All of these missiles, including a Walleye, were destroyed before reaching the ship.  A pre-production Phalanx unit underwent operational tests and evaluation onboard USS Bigelow (DD-942) in 1977.  These tests showed that the unit exceeded the required maintenance and reliability specifications. ​ The evaluations included tests with high levels of jamming noise during which the unit succeeded in distinguishing small missile-like targets against nearby islands.
  
 <box blue round> ​ //​Nomenclature Note:  The Phalanx gun system itself is designated as the Mark 15.  The CIWS mounting is designated as the Mark 72.//  </​box>​ <box blue round> ​ //​Nomenclature Note:  The Phalanx gun system itself is designated as the Mark 15.  The CIWS mounting is designated as the Mark 72.//  </​box>​
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 +^  Prototype CIWS prepared to be loaded onto the USS KING //(from the National Archives, College Park, MD)//  ^  Prototype CIWS on the fantail of the USS KING //(from the National Archives, College Park, MD)//  ^
 +|  {{ :​012.gif?​455x305 }}  |  {{ :​040.gif?​200x305 }}  |
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